Article 1. Dogs and Cats

§6-101               DOGS; LICENSE. Any person who shall own, keep, or harbor a dog over the age of three (3) months within the Municipality shall within thirty (30) days after acquisition of the said dog acquire a license for each such dog annually by or before the first (1st) day of May of each year. The said tax shall be delinquent from and after June first (1st); provided, the possessor of any dog brought into or harbored within the corporate limits subsequent to May first (1st) of any year, shall be liable for the payment of the dog tax levied herein and such tax shall be delinquent if not paid within ten (10) days thereafter. Licenses shall be issued by the Municipal Clerk upon the payment of a license fee as set by resolution of the Governing Body. Said license shall not be transferable and no refund will be allowed in case of death, sale, or other disposition of the licensed dog. The owner shall state at the time the application is made and upon printed forms provided for such purpose, his name and address and the name, breed, color, and sex of each dog owned and kept by him. A certificate that the dog has had a rabies shot, effective for the ensuing year of the license, shall be presented when the license is applied for and no license or tag shall be issued until the certificate is shown. (Ref 17-526,54-603, 71-44 12 RS Neb.)

§6-102               DOGS; LICENSE TAGS. Upon the payment of the license fee, the Municipal Clerk shall issue to the owner of a dog a license certificate and a metallic tag for each dog so licensed. The metallic tags shall be properly attached to the collar or harness of all dogs so licensed and shall entitle the owner to keep or harbor the said dog until the thirtieth (30th) day of April following such licensing. In the event that a license tag is lost and upon satisfactory evidence that the original plate or tag was issued in accordance with the provisions herein, the Municipal Clerk shall issue a duplicate or new tag for the balance of the year for which the license tax has been paid and shall charge and collect a fee set by resolution of the Governing Body for each duplicate or new tag so issued. All license fees and collections shall be immediately credited to the General Fund. It shall be the duty of the Municipal Clerk to issue tags of a suitable design that are different in appearance each year. (Ref 17-526, 54-603 RS Neb)

§6-103               DOGS; WRONGFUL LICENSING. It shall be unlawful for the owner, keeper, or harborer of any dog to permit or allow such dog to wear any license, metallic tag or other Municipal identification than that issued by the Municipal Clerk for dogs, nor shall the owner, keeper, or harborer wrongfully and knowingly license an unspayed female dog with a license prescribed for a male or spayed female dog. (Ref 17-526, 54-603 RS Neb.)

§6-104               DOGS; OWNER DEFINED. Any person who shall harbor or permit any dog to be for ten (10) days or more in or about his or her house, store, or enclosure, or to remain to be fed, shall be deemed the owner and possessor of such dog and shall be deemed to be liable for all penalties herein prescribed. (Ref 54-606, 71-4401 RS Neb.)

§6-105               DOGS; PROCLAMATION. It shall be the duty of the Governing Body whenever in its opinion the danger to the public safety from rabid dogs is great or imminent, to issue a proclamation ordering all persons owning, keeping, or harboring any dog to muzzle the same, or to confine it for a period of not less than thirty (30) days or more than ninety (90) days from the date of such proclamation, or until such danger is passed. The dogs may be harbored by any good and sufficient means in a house, garage, or yard on the premise wherein the said owner may reside. Upon issuing the proclamation it shall be the duty of all persons owning, keeping, or harboring any dog to confine the same as herein provided. (Ref 17-526 RS Neb.)

§6-106               DOGS; RUNNING AT LARGE. It shall be unlawful for the owner of any dog to allow such dog to run at large at any time within the corporate limits of the Municipality. It shall be the duty of the Municipal Police to cause any dog found to be running at large within the Municipality to be taken up and impounded. “Running at large” shall mean any dog found off the premise of the owner, and not under control of the owner or a responsible person, either by leash, cord, chain, wire, rope, cage of other suitable means of physical restraint.

§6-107               DOGS; CAPTURE IMPOSSIBLE. The Municipal Police shall have the authority to kill any animals showing vicious tendencies, or characteristics of rabies which make capture impossible because of the danger involved. (Ref 54-605 RS Neb.)

§6-108               DOGS; INTERFERENCE WITH POLICE. It shall be unlawful for any person to hinder, delay, or interfere with any Municipal Policeman who is performing any duty enjoined upon him by the provisions of this Article, or to break open, or in any manner directly or indirectly aid, counsel, or advise the breaking open of the animal shelter, any ambulance wagon, or other vehicle used for the collecting or conveying of dogs to the shelter. (Ref 28-906 RS Neb.)

§6-109               DOGS; KILLING AND POISONING. It shall be unlawful to kill, or to administer, or cause to be administered, poison of any sort to a dog, or in any manner to injure, maim, or destroy, or in any manner attempt to injure, maim, or destroy any dog that is the property of another person, or to place any poison, or poisoned food where the same is accessible to a dog; provided, that this section shall not apply to Municipal Policemen acting within their power and duty. (Ref 28-1002 RS Neb.)

§6-110               DOGS; BARKING AND OFFENSIVE. It shall be unlawful for any person to own, keep, or harbor any dog which by loud, continued, or frequent barking, howling, or yelping shall annoy or disturb any neighborhood, or person, or which habitually barks at or chases pedestrians, drivers, or owners of horses or vehicles while they are on any public sidewalks, streets, or alleys in the Municipality. Upon the written complaint of two (2) or more affected persons from different households, filed within any thirty (30) day period with the Municipal Clerk, that any dog owned by the person named in the complaint is an annoyance or disturbance, or otherwise violates the provisions of this section the Municipal Police shall investigate the complaint and, if in their opinion the situation warrants, shall notify the owner to silence and restrain such dog. The provisions of this section shall not be construed to apply to the Municipal Dog Shelter. (Ref 17-526 RS Neb.)

§6-111               DOGS; LIABILITY OF OWNER. It shall be unlawful for any person to allow a dog owned, kept, or harbored by him, or under his charge or control, to injure or destroy any real or personal property of any description belonging to another person. The owner or possessor of any such dog, in addition to the usual judgment upon conviction, may be made to be liable to the persons so injured in an amount equal to the value of the damage so sustained. (Ref 54-601, 54-602 RS Neb.)

§6-112               DOGS; REMOVAL OF TAGS. It shall be unlawful for any person to remove or cause to be removed, the collar, harness, or metallic tag from any licensed dog without the consent of the owner, keeper, or possessor thereof. (Ref 17-526 RS Neb.)

§6-113               DOGS; IMPOUNDING. It shall be the duty of the Municipal Police to capture, secure, and remove in a humane manner to the Municipal Animal Shelter any dog violating any of the provisions of this Article. The dogs so impounded shall be treated in a humane manner and shall be provided with a sufficient supply of food and fresh water each day. Each impounded dog shall be kept and maintained at the pound for a period of not less than three (3) days after public notice has been given unless reclaimed earlier by the owner. Notice of impoundment of all animals, including any significant marks or identifications, shall be posted at the office of the Municipal Clerk within twenty-four (24) hours after impoundment as public notification of such impoundment. Any dog may be reclaimed by its owner during the period of impoundment by payment of a general impoundment fee and daily board fee as set by resolution of the Governing Body and on file in the office of the Municipal Clerk. The owner shall then be required to comply with the licensing and rabies vaccination requirements within seventy-two (72) hours after release. If the dog is not claimed at the end of required waiting period after public notice has been given the Municipal Police may dispose of the dog in accordance with the applicable rules and regulations pertaining to the same; provided, that if, in the judgment of the Municipal Police, a suitable home can be found for any such dog within the Municipality, the said dog shall be turned over to that person and the new owner shall then be required to pay all fees and meet all licensing and vaccinating requirements provided in this Article. The Municipality shall acquire legal title to any unlicensed dog impounded in the Animal Shelter for a period longer than the required waiting period after giving notice. All dogs shall be destroyed and buried in the summary and humane manner as prescribed by the Board of Health unless a suitable home can be found for such dog. (Ref 17-548, 71-4408 RS Neb.)

§6-114               DOGS; RABIES SUSPECTED. Any dog suspected of being afflicted with rabies, or any dog not vaccinated in accordance with the provisions of this Article which has bitten any person and caused an abrasion of the skin, shall be seized and impounded under the supervision of the Board of Health for a period of not less than ten (10) days. If upon examination by a veterinarian, the dog has no clinical signs of rabies at the end of such impoundment, it may be released to the owner, or, in the case of an unlicensed dog, it shall be disposed of in accordance with the provisions herein. If the owner of the said dog has proof of vaccination, it shall be confined by the owner or some other responsible person for a period of at least ten (10) days, at which time the dog shall be examined by a licensed veterinarian. If no signs of rabies are observed, the dog may be released from confinement. (Ref 71-4406 RS Neb.)

§6-115               DOGS; MAXIMUM LIMITATION OF NUMBER OF DOGS. (1) It shall be unlawful and a public nuisance for any person to own, keep, harbor or maintain more than three (3) dogs over the age of three (3) months within the city limits. (City Ordinance 342)


(2)        The maximum limitation imposed by this section shall not apply to any

person who owns, keeps, harbors or maintains more than three (3) dogs over six (6) months of age at the time of the adoption of this ordinance. In the event that one (1) of the dogs that are owned, kept, harbored or maintained by such person shall die, become lost, be sold or given away, such animal may not be replaced if it would cause the number of dogs owned, kept, harbored or maintained by such person to exceed three (3).

§6-116               DOGS; DISPOSAL OF DOG WASTE. Any person having custody or control of any dog shall have the responsibility for the disposal of feces or manure of the dog in a sanitary manner. The provisions of this section shall not apply to law enforcement officers while using the dog to perform law enforcement functions or rescue activity.

             It shall be unlawful for any dog to discharge feces or manure on public property or private property of another unless it is promptly removed by the person having custody or control of the dog and placed in an appropriate garbage or refuse container on public property or on private property with the consent of the owner of such private property. Upon the violation of this section by a dog, any person who has custody of such dog shall be punished as provided by this code. (City Ordinance #350)

§6-117               DANGEROUS DOGS; DEFINITIONS.

(1)        Animal Control Authority shall mean an entity authorized to enforce the animal control laws of the Municipality.


(2)        Animal Control Officer shall mean any individual employed, appointed, or authorized by an Animal Control Authority for the purpose of aiding in the enforcement of this Article or any other law or ordinance relating to the licensing of animals, control of animals, or seizure and impoundment of animals and shall include any state or local law enforcement or other employee whose duties in whole or in part include assignments that involve the seizure and impoundment of any animal.


(3)        Dangerous Dog shall mean any dog that, according to the records of the Animal Control Authority:

             (a)        Has killed or inflicted severe injury on a human being on public or private property;


             (b)        Has killed a domestic animal without provocation while the dog was off the owner̓s property; or


             (c)        Has been previously determined to be a potentially dangerous dog by an Animal Control Authority and the owner has received notice of such determination and such dog again aggressively bites, attacks, or endangers the safety of humans or domestic animals. A dog shall not be defined as a dangerous dog if the threat, any injury that is not a severe injury, or the damage was sustained by a person who, at the time, was committing a willful trespass as defined in section 20-203, 28-520, or 28-521 RS Neb. or any other tort upon the property of the owner of the dog, who was tormenting, abusing, or assaulting the dog, who has, in the past, been observed or reported to have tormented, abused, or assaulted the dog, or who was committing or attempting to commit a crime.

(4)        Domestic Animal shall mean a cat, a dog, or livestock;


(5)        Owner shall mean any person, firm, corporation, organization, political subdivision, or department possessing, harboring, keeping, or having control or custody of a dog;

(6)        Potentially Dangerous Dog shall mean:

             (a)        Any dog that when unprovoked:


                      (i)  Inflicts a nonsevere injury on a human or injures a domestic animal either on public or private property, or;

                      (ii) Chases or approaches a person upon streets, sidewalks, or any public grounds in a menacing fashion or apparent attitude of attack, or;

             (ii      Any specific dog with a known propensity, tendency, or disposition to attack when unprovoked, to cause injury, or to threaten the safety of humans or domestic animals; and


(g)        Severe Injury shall mean any physical injury that results in disfiguring lacerations requiring multiple sutures or cosmetic surgery or one or more broken bones or that creates a potential danger to the life or health of the victim. (Ref 54-617 RS Neb.)

§6-118           DANGEROUS DOGS; RESTRAINED. No owner of a dangerous dog shall permit the dog to go beyond the property of the owner unless the dog is restrained securely by a chain or leash. (Ref 54-618 RS Neb.)

§6-119           DANGEROUS DOGS; CONFINED. While unattended on the owner̓s property, a dangerous dog shall be securely confined, in a humane manner, indoors or in a securely enclosed and locked pen or structure suitably designed to prevent the entry of young children and to prevent the dog from escaping. The pen or structure shall have secure sides and a secure top. If the pen or structure has no bottom secured to the sides, the sides shall be embedded into the ground. The pen or structure shall also protect the dog from the elements. The owner of a dangerous dog shall post a warning sign on the property where the dog is kept that is clearly visible and that informs persons that a dangerous dog is on the property. (Ref 54- 619 RS Neb.)

§6-120           DANGEROUS DOGS; FAILURE TO COMPLY. (1) Any dangerous dog may be immediately confiscated by an animal control officer if the owner is in violation of this Article. The owner shall be responsible for the reasonable costs incurred by the Animal Control Authority for the care of a dangerous dog confiscated by an animal control officer or for the destruction of any dangerous dog if the action by the Animal Control Authority is pursuant to law and if the owner violated this Article.

             (2)     In addition to any other penalty, a court may order the Animal Control Authority to dispose of a dangerous dog in an expeditious and humane manner. (Ref 54-620 RS Neb.)